2017年11月07日

今日立冬,聊聊有关立冬的英语

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2017/11/7 23:20:00

Beginning of Winter 立冬

The traditional Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 solar terms. Start of Winter, (Chinese: 立冬), the 19th solar term of the year, begins this year on Nov 8 and ends on Nov 21.

中国传统农历把一年分为了24节气,立冬是第十九个节气,从11月8日到11月21日。

Start of Winter is the first solar term of winter, which means winter is coming and crops harvested in autumn should be stored up.

立冬是冬天的第一个节气,它意味着冬天来了,秋天收获的庄稼应该储存起来了。

Beginning of winter or not (立冬是冬天的开始吗?)

In ancient times, the Chinese people took the Start of Winter to be the beginning of the winter. However in fact, the Start of Winter is not the beginning of winter in terms of meteorology. The climate every year is different, so the beginning of winter could be quite different. And with the vast territory of China, winter of every area doesn’t begin at the same time.

古代,中国人认为立冬是冬天的开始。但是,实际上按照气象学来说,立冬不是冬天的开始。每年的气候都是不同的,所以冬天的开始也是很不一样的。并且中国地域广阔,每个地区进入冬天也不是在相同的时间。

Welcoming the winter in ancient times(古代怎么欢迎冬天的到来呢?)

The four beginnings of the seasons were important festivals in ancient times. Before the Start of Winter, the ancient emperor would take a shower and have no more meat. On that day, the emperor would lead his officials to the suburbs and perform the ceremony of "welcoming the winter."

古代,四季的开始都是非常重要的节日。立冬之前,古代皇帝会沐浴并且吃更多的肉。在那天皇帝会带领群臣来到郊外,举行迎冬大典。

Eating dumplings (吃饺子)

A legend has it that at the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD25-220), "Medical Saint" Zhang Zhongjing saved many people in Henan province from a typhoid epidemic and their ears' from being frost bitten around Start of Winter.

有这样一个传说,在东汉末年,医圣张仲景在河南治疗伤寒救了很多人,他们的耳朵在立冬时被冻伤了。

He cooked mutton, hot peppers and herbs to dispel the cold and increase body heat. He wrapped these ingredients into a dough skin and made them into an ear shape. Since then, people have learned to make the food which became known as "dumpling". Today there is still a saying that goes "Eat dumplings on Start of Winter Day, or your ears will be frostbitten".

他做了羊肉,辣椒和草药来驱寒,增加身体内的热量。他把这些成分都包在一个面饼里,并把他们做成了耳朵的形状。从那时起,人们就学着制作这种食物,慢慢的就演变成了饺子。今天仍然流行这一句俗语,“冬至不端饺子碗,冻掉耳朵没人管”。

立冬英语小知识

start of winter

Beginning of Winter

例句:

Round about the beginning of winter he got drunk again.

在立冬前后吧,他又喝醉。

Start of winter is the 19th solar term.

立冬是二十四节气中的第十九个节气。

下面开始知识点解析:

start是什么意思呢?

n. 开始,起点;动身;开动;震惊,震动

v. 出发;开始,着手;发动;创办;惊起

例:

Then It'started to break into pieces. These pieces started to move apart.

然后它开始分为很多块。这些分开的板块开始移动,分开。

He started coughing blood.

他开始咳血了。

His hearing has started to go.

他的听力开始衰退。

winter是什么意思呢?

n. 冬天;年岁;衰落期

v. 过冬

adj. 冬天的;越冬的,冬播的

例:

It's winter! We can make a snowman in winter.

冬天了!我们能在冬天堆雪人。

Winter is a time of cough and cold.

冬季是易患咳嗽和感冒的季节。

The squirrel store nuts for the winter.

松鼠贮藏坚果以备过冬。

beginning是什么意思呢?

n. 开始;根源;起点

v. begin的现在分词

例:

It is beginning to dew.

在结露水了。

The scrambling begins.

混乱开始了。

The days are beginning to shorten.

白天开始变短了。


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